Model of the Sermones de Ludo Cum Aliis / Pomeran Order / Ferrarese pattern

The order appeared in the text of a Franciscan monk (only probably Franciscan), who lived around or short before 1300 (likely) near to Ferrara and opposed playing and also Tarot playing. It is given usually as the oldest numerical order of the Tarot cards (which it not necessarily is) and it differs from the order, as it is commonly known nowadays.
The order is called (together with some other known similar orders) the Ferrarese pattern (or Eastern pattern ororder B), assigned to the region of Ferrara and Venice, defining it in a contrast to the Milanese pattern (also called Western pattern), which determined the later Tarot de Marseille. A third pattern is called Bolognese (or Southern pattern). Compare to this the page of Andy Pollett.


Other similar numerologies:

0 Fool

1 Magician
? Empress
? Emperor
? Popess
5 Pope
6 Temperance
? Love
? Chariot
9 Strength
10 Wheel
11 Hermit
12 Hanged Man
13 Death
14 Devil
15 Lightning
16 Star
17 Moon
18 Sun
19 Angel
20 Justice

21 World


It's assumed, that the card "Hermit" (= Father Time) was understood in the Ferrarese order as a bad aspect (Father Time interpreted as being old and sick; the presentation showed usually a crippled old man). In the Pierpont-Morgan-Bergamo Tarocchi the Hermit is constrasting dressed as an old man of some wealth, probably the Milanese interpretation differed from the Ferrarese interpretation.
The high position of Justice in the Ferrarese pattern meets with a general preference of Borso, duke of Ferrara (1413 - 1471), for the virtue of Iustitia. It's assumed by me, that the difference in the Ferrarese order goes back to the preference of Duke Borso. (autorbis, provisional note)