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The "hidden" Mystery of Hesiod's "Theogony"

- it uses the same mathematical system as the I-Ching

I'll demonstrate it to you in the following text.

It might be necessary to give some short informations to a rather important text of Western culture. Hesiod is considered in the history of literature as the as the 2nd earliest European writer after Homer. The Theogony is his major work and it includes "in poetical form" a mathematical structure, which reached in the course of history a dominant influence upon the early rhapsodic culture, which died in the centuries after Hesiod, but formed the roots for a much later dominance of Greek mythology in European culture. Hesiod's system, although simple enough, became a "hidden system" underestimated in its worth, constantly present but misunderstood, lost behind the djungle of many words and art around the great theme: The Olympic gods.

The deciding passage of Hesiod's Theogony is very short and reads like this:

".... she (Gaia = earth) lay with Heaven (= Uranus) and bare deep-swirling Oceanus, Coeus and Crius and Hyperion and Iapetus, Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne and gold-crowned Phoebe and lovely Tethys. After them was born Cronos the wily, youngest and most terrible of her children, and he hated his lusty sire.
And again, she bare the Cyclopes, overbearing in spirit, Brontes, and Steropes and stubborn-hearted Arges (6), who gave Zeus the thunder and made the thunderbolt: in all else they were like the gods, but one eye only was set in the midst of their fore-heads. And they were surnamed Cyclopes (Orb-eyed) because one orbed eye was set in their foreheads. Strength and might and craft were in their works.
And again, three other sons were born of Earth and Heaven, great and doughty beyond telling, Cottus and Briareos and Gyes, presumptuous children. From their shoulders sprang an hundred arms, not to be approached, and each had fifty heads upon his shoulders on their strong limbs, and irresistible was the stubborn strength that was in their great forms. For of all the children that were born of Earth and Heaven, these were the most terrible, and they were hated by their own father from the first. " (source)

The deciding messsage is not in the mythological talking or the poetical associations, but simply in the number of the participating figures. There are six female figures, the "daughters", who in mythology usually unite with their 6 brothers, and additionally there is a group of 3 Cyclopes, all "one-eyed", and symbolizing "oneness and unity" and another group of 3 Hecatonchiren, all with "100 arms" and symbolizing "multiplicity". The Chinese way to describe this group is this:

6 male Titans

6 female Titans

3 Cyclopes

3 Hecatonchiren

In the Chinese system of the I-Ching each line is defined in its character and interpreted according to its state, Yin or Yang. Hesiod uses the same mathematical program and defines his "places" in a complicated poetical way. The intentions and technical tricks of both systems differ, no doubt, but both use the same mathematical basic scheme and in detailed research one can explore many details, which both systems have in common. Hesiod's male Titans are the 6 Yang-lines of the I-Ching basic hexagram, the 6 female Titans present the 6 Yin-lines. The 3 Cyclopes, presenting the idea "unity", are the relevant counterparts for the 3 Yang-lines of the I-Ching basic trigram, the Hecatonchiren, "multiplicty", serve as representatives of the 3 Yin-lines. Both groups, Cyclopes and Hecatonchiren, have not an important role in the story of Hesiod, Hesiod just uses the imaginary to tell: "I use this system ...". More important are the Titans to Hesiod, but they mainly only him serve to produce children, which fight in the battles of the Titans, creating some material for the poet, how the later Olymp and his complex system found to its existence.

Exploring Hesiod's precise intentions and his poetical tricks is a gigantical enterprise, although it's above shown humble beginning might give the illusion, that things are easy to handle. This article has only the intention to point just on that, what is rather obvious, not much more. The following graphic shows a little more of it, but it is only a "small start" and just an invitation to our personal "Olympic Game" ... if you've the patience, you once will learn what we mean with this. The graphical scheme below, using the life-tree pattern, uses Hesiod's specific further imagination:

"....then the son (Kronos) from his ambush stretched forth his left hand and in his right took the great long sickle with jagged teeth, and swiftly lopped off his own father's members and cast them away to fall behind him. And not vainly did they fall from his hand; for all the bloody drops that gushed forth Earth received, and as the seasons moved round she bare the strong Erinyes ( ... their number should be 3) and the great Giants (... there number is 24; I don't comment this to keep things simple) with gleaming armour, holding long spears in their hands and the Nymphs whom they call Meliae (... their number is a riddle, I don't comment this) all over the boundless earth. And so soon as he had cut off the members with flint and cast them from the land into the surging sea, they were swept away over the main a long time: and a white foam spread around them from the immortal flesh, and in it there grew a maiden (= Aphrodite). "

Giants and Meliae I leave aside, things become too complicated with them. But Aphrodite and the 3 Erinyen could be added to the already 18 generated figures. Then you've 22 positions and the structure of them has strong relationship to the ideas given by the Sepher Yetzirah, as shown at the Sepher-Yetzrah page.


3 Erinyen
3 Hecatonchiren
"100 arms"
3 Cyclopes

Pair of 2 Titans
Krios # Themis
Pair of 2 Titans
Kronos - Rhea
Pair of 2 Titans
Hyperion - Theia
Pair of 2 Titans
Oceanos - Tethys
Pair of 2 Titans
Iapetos # Mnemosyne
Pair of 2 Titans
"Koios - Phoibe"

1 super goddess


And that's the OLYMPIC TAROT .... well, it's only the start of it. A lot of subtilities are in it. And other things will follow.

This article is intended to serve only as a start of a longer discussion.


"And one day they taught Hesiod glorious song while he was shepherding his lambs under holy Helicon, and this word first the goddesses said to me -- the Muses of Olympus, daughters of Zeus who holds the aegis:' `Shepherds of the wilderness, wretched things of shame, mere bellies, we know how to speak many false things as though they were true; but we know, when we will, to utter true things.'"

Sphere of I-Ching, including the 32 ways of wisdom