Documents (1)
Early references to playing cards and related articles
Documents (2)
First appearances of the word Trionfi in relation to playing-cards (1442 - 1463)
A way through the Labyrinth of our texts
Oldest Tarot Cards
The Milanese Duke Filippo Maria Visconti commissioned before 1425 a manuscript and a playing card deck from Marziano da Tortona and Michelino da Besozzo. Jacopo Antonio Marcello got book and deck in 1449 and called it a new kind of Ludus Triumphorum.
Filippo Maria Visconti loved card playing and commissioned a few unusual decks
Origin of Tarot

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START About us Oldest Tarot Imperatori Ferrara 1441 Documents 5x14 From 14 to 22 Boiardo Iconography Timeline Biographies Locations Forum News Communications Play FAQ Gallery MUSEUM Name Trionfi Unknown Future Reviews Webmasters Free Reading Links Final Words SITEMAP
Bianca Maria Visconti could be called Lady Tarot, like her father she was involved in various Tarot activities
It is probable, that the first Trionfi-decks started with a 5x14-structure, the 14 trumps were considered as a 5th suit.
In 1423 Parisina, the young signora of Ferrara, imported from Florence "VIII Imperatori"-cards. It's unclear, which sort of cards it really had been, but it might be a predevelopment to the later Tarot cards.
Parisina had a cruel death cause her love to Ugo, son of her husband
The great riddle, how 14 Trionfi cards became 22 Tarot cards
From 14 to 22
The project has just started and is in development.
Ferrara 1441
At the 1.1.1441 the painter Sagramoro got some money for "14 figure" for the guest in Ferrara, Bianca Maria Visconti. One year later appears the first use of the word Trionfi in relation to playing cards.
Leonello d'Este made Ferrara to a cultural center of early 15th century. Here the idea to the Tarot took it's start
Matteo Maria Boiardo, a poet with a love to the theme Orlando
Matteo Maria Boiardo, a poet with a love to th
At an unclear time between 1460 - 1494 the poet Matteo Maria Boiardo made a poem about Trionfi cards. They are quite unusual, but they finally have 22 trumps and 56 court and number cards, description: History of Tarot in 15th century. Research for the Origin of Tarot, Tarocchi and Trionfi, old playing cards, Karnöffel, Minchiate, chess, playing card suits, medieval iconography, astrology, Geomantia, humanism, Ferrara, Milan (Milano), Florence, Mantua (Mantova), the families Visconti, Sforza, Malatesta, Este, Gonzaga, Medici, biography of Filippo Maria Visconti, Francesco Sforza, Leonello d Este, Bianca Maria Visconti, Parisina, Lorenzo de Medici, Guarino, Rene d'Anjou, Jacopo Antonio Marcello, Matteo Maria Boiardo, Sagramoro, Michelino da Besozzo, Ludovico Gonzaga, history of Italy, Germany and France in 15th century, ways to modern Tarot, free Tarot card reading online (facade)
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