Venice: Playing Card Notes
- 1441: Cardproducers are protected against foreign concurrence.
"mccccxli. Oct 11. Whereas the art and mystery of making cards and printed figures, which is used at Venice, has fallen to total decay; and this in consequence of the great quantity of playing cards, and coloured figures printed, which are made out of Venice; to which evil it is necessary to apply some remedy; in order that the said artists, who are a great many in family, may find encouragement rather than foreigners. Let it be ordered and established, according to that which the said masters have supplicated, that, from this time in future, no work of the said art, that is printed or painted on cloth, or paper, that is to say, altar pieces (or images) and playing cards, and whatever other work of the said art is done with a brush and printed, shall be allowed to be brought or imported into this city, under a pain of forfeiting the works so imported, and xxx livres and xxii soldi; of which fine one third shall go to the state, one third to the Signore Giustizrieri Vecchi, to whom the affair is committed, and one third to the accuser. With this condition, however, that the artists, who make the said works in this city, may not expose the said works to sale in any other place but their own shops, under the pain aforesaid, except on Wednesdays at S. Paolo, and on Saturday at S. Marco, under the aforesaid penalties."
translation Simon Wintle
- 1449: The Venetian provedditore Jacopo Antonio Marcello
knows card producers and knows Trionfi cards.
- ca. 1470: The book printing press reaches Venice. Ludovico Lazzarelli finds illustrations for his manuscripts (Mantegna Tarocchi motifs, copperplate engraving)
in a Venetian bookstore, which he uses as illuminations in a manuscript (which finally is found in Urbino). Another Urbino manuscript produced around a similar time
includes also illuminations similar to Mantegna Tarocchi motifs.
- 1491 is the suggested date for the production of the Sola-Busca-Tarocchi (copperplate engraving deck). It is assumed, that it has a Venetian origin.
1537 Comment of Schreiber (p. 80, refering to Lud. Zdekauer, Il Guoco in Venenezia Archivo Veneto, vol XXVII (1884), p. 132 ff.): No known prohibition 15th century, however, strong prohibition in 1539, when beside
the game with the ball and crossbow shooting any other game is forbidden.
Around this time three cities belonging to the dominion of Venice, Brescia (1488), Salo (1490) and Bergamo (1491)
in their prohibition rules disallow various games, but allow "Trionfi".
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