Spain and Portugal - early playing card notes
- (in development)
- 1371 - "The word *naip* appears in a Catalan rhyme dictionary of 1371, the
_Llibre de Concordances_, compiled by the poet Jaume March. The
presence of the word in such a dictionary denotes that it was
already in familiar use in that region. The _Llibre de Concordances_
or _Diccionari de Rims_ exists in three manuscripts - one in the
Biblioteca Colombina in Seville, another in the Biblioteca de
Catalunya in Barcelona and the third in the Biblioteca Nacional in
Madrid. It was written 'at the request of the most high and powerful
Lord Pedro by the grace of God King of Aragon and completed in the
year MCCCLXXJ' (the reference is to Pedro IV of Aragon and III of
Catalonia). A printed edition, edited by A. Griera, appeared in
Barcelona in 1921 and is one of a series of philological studies
published for the Institute of the Catalan Language (A. Griera, ed.
_Diccionari de Rims de Jaume March_, (Barcelona: Institut d'Estudi
Catalani) 1921, p. 63). Under the words ending -ip we find '_Macip,
felip, garip, xorip, naip, estip, dip_'. In Catalan, no meaning
other than 'playing-card' has ever been attributed to the word."
(Ross Gregory Caldwell)
- 1380 - BARCELONA. The inventory, dated 26th October 1380, kept by the Barcelona merchant Nicolas Sarmona, who lived in St. Daniel's alley (Callejon San Daniel), lists "unum ludus de nayps qui sunt quadraginta quatour pecie" ("a game of cards (naips) of 44 pieces"); a strange number which could equally well refer to two sets of tarot trumps or to a (normal) deck with 4 cards missing (an incomplete pack).
(Simon Wintle) - (Simon Wintle) - Source 14/15C
1401 BARCELONA Inventory of Barcelona merchant Miguel Ca-Pila includes a pack of large cards, painted and guilded.
(Simon Wintle) - Source 1403
1414 BARCELONA Two distinct Barcelona inventories have entries "j joch de nayps (or 'nahyps') moreschs".
(Simon Wintle) - (Simon Wintle) - Source 1428
1429-56 DIEGO ALFONT, Valencia JUAN ALVAREZ " Cardmakers.
(Simon Wintle) - (Simon Wintle) - (Simon Wintle) - (Simon Wintle) - Source 1449-1453
15c Alejandro Bussero, Ramon Esquert, Miguel Fabra, Miguel Ferrer, Martin Gallart, Pedro de Laredo, Francisco Lleonart, Antonio Pelegri, Bartolome de Primerant, Miguel Sanz, Ramon Veya, recorded as card-makers from Barcelona during the fifteenth century. There was also the Borges family, from Rosellon, as well as several Castilian, Andalucian and French card-makers.
(Simon Wintle) - Source 1456
1460 BARCELONA An inventory entry reads: "jochs de nayps plans, y altres jochs moreschs".
(Simon Wintle) - Source 1470 - 1519
- 1476: Reference to a prohibition of dice and card games by Ferdinand and Isabella, referring to the kingdom of Castilla. Apparantly this is the first genuine reference to cards in that area (as distinct from Catalunya).