The note was conveyed to Ross Caldwell by Thierry Depaulis.
Source:Romualdo Sassi, "Appunti sul giuoco delle carte a Fabriano nei secoli XV e XVI", Deputazione di Storia Patria per le Marche, Atti e Memorie, S. VII, vol. III, 1948, pp. 137-153.
In August 1476, "a group of youngsters had asked the Council whether they could 'ludere ad carthas in ludo non prohibito et ad triumphos publice.'" (They asked whether they could play permitted card games and triumphs in public).
In Fabriano there is also a law from 1507 talking about the regulations of triumphi and other card games (quite a late reference to the name "triumphi").
The note of Fabriano is one of three of a rather isolated region at the Eastern coast of Italy (near to Recanati and Ancona). These, together with the notes in Rome and Naples, which more or less all appear in the 70's of 15th cebtury, show, that the Trionfi evolution in Southern Italy took place 20-30 years after the first developments in Northern parts of Italy.
Fabriano was the place in Italy the place with the first papermill, already in 13th century. An interest of Fabriano in the Trionfi cards might indicate the begin of mass production for Trionfi cards.
(autorbis / Ross Caldwell)
Southern development (first notes)
- 1450 Florence
- 1452 Siena
- 1452 Rimini
- 1460 ? Arcona
- 1473 Naples
- 1474 ? Rome
- 1476 Fabriano
- 1480 ? Recanati